A long list of Papuans are forever inscribed in the history of Indonesia, during and after its independence. One of our national hero is Johannes Abraham Dimara. In 1946, he participated in the raising of Indonesian Flag in Namlea, Buru island. He helped fight for the return of West Irian territory to the Republic of Indonesia. Besides, he became an example of a young Papuan and with Bung Karno joined in calling for Trikora in Yogyakarta. He also called on all people in the West Irian region to support the unification of West Irian into the lap of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. In 1962, the New York Agreement was held. Dimara became one of the delegates with the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs. The contents of the agreement finally required the Royal Dutch government to be willing to surrender West Irian territory to the government of the Republic of Indonesia. So starting from that time the West Irian region entered into one part of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia.
It can be concluded that he was being role model of young papuan at that time, it’s proven that Johannes was appointed as Chair of the OPI (West Irian Liberation Organization). His struggle in defending this country not be doubted and he inspires us as young generation in this era to be more proud and keep guarding this country no matter what.
In addition to Dimara, another person who have big contribution for papua is Frans Kaisiepo. He is the one of Indonesia national hero that have big role for indonesia especially papua. Frans was involved in the Malino Conference in 1946 which discussed the establishment of the Federal Republic of Indonesia as a representative of Papua. He proposed the name Irian, a word in the Biak language which means a hot place. Kaisiepo also served as Governor of Papua between 1964-1973. In 1945, Kaishiepo met Sugoro Atmoprasodjo at the School of Civil Service. They quickly found common ground due to their shared support for Indonesian independence. Kaisiepo often held discreet meetings to discuss the annexation of Dutch New Guinea by the Republic of Indonesia.
In the Dutch colonisation era, there was one person whose striving to unite Irian Jaya (Papua) to be part of Indonesia, his name is Silas Papare. His greatest act was establishing the Indonesia Irian Independence Party (PKII) that made him under arrest by the colonial Dutch government. On September 29, 1945 again he made the Independent Indonesian committee (KMI) under the guidance of Digulis Harjono and Suprapto in order to supporting the independence of The republic of Indonesia and emphasized that West Irian is part of Indonesia. Because the Dutch government still doesn’t detached West Irian when Indonesian was declaring their independence on August 17, 1945, Silas Papare Established the Irian Bureau in Jakarta and Silas Papare was appointed as the first Commissioner based on Indonesian Presidential Decree No. 53 of 1945 dated 17 February 1954.
Later he was appointed as one of Indonesian delegation representing Papua at the New York Agrement on August 15 1962 which ended the contention between Indonesia and Dutch regarding the West Irian issue. In order to commemorate his marvelous service, the name Silas Papare was used as the name of one Indonesian war submarines KRI Silas Papare and one of School of Social and Political Science in Jayapura.
Not many know about Marthen Indey, even though this figure is extraordinary in his merit to the Indonesian. He is a hero who participated in the proclamation process. Not only that, he also contributed as a disseminator of knowledge to children in the Indonesian era who were still struggling. No wonder with all his merit, he was named a hero. In fact, Marthen Indey is a person who used to oppose Indonesia. He was recorded as a Dutch police officer. However, destiny and love for this nation changed its course to defend the NKRI (The Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia).
Marthen Indey was born in Doromena, Jayapura on March 16, 1912. Marthen completed police education in Sukabumi. Furthermore, Marthen worked as a police officer in charge of monitoring political prisoners in Boyen Digul. Here, he became acquainted with prisoners, including Sugoro Atmoprasojo, a former Taman Siswa teacher (the first educational organization in Indonesia). The prisoners recounted the struggle for Indonesian independence which also included the Papua region from the hands of the Dutch. Martin’s nationalism began to grow.
While serving as chairman in Partai Indonesia Merdeka (PIM), Marthen and several tribal chiefs in Papua protested against the Dutch who planned to separate West Irian from the territory of the Indonesian unit. As a result, Marthen was jailed for three years in Digul. But in reality Marthen Indey did not despair and continued to struggle.
His merit to Papua were very large, Marthen joined in guerrilla assistance to help RPKAD members landed in Papua during the Tri Komando Rakyat (Trikora). In the same year, Marthen delivered the New City Charter which contained the strong desire of the Papuan population to remain loyal to Indonesia. Marthen was then sent to New York to take part in conducting negotiations on the return of West Irian which had been under the interim administration of the United Nations into the territory of the Indonesian unit. Through these negotiations, West Irian officially joined the Indonesian unity region and changed its name to Irian Jaya. Marthen then became a member of the MPRS (Provisional People’s Consultative Assembly) from 1963 to 1968. He died at the age of 74 on July 17, 1986.